What is an Electrician?

An Electrician is a skilled professional responsible for installing, inspecting, and maintaining electrical wiring systems in various types of buildings, including residential and commercial properties. In this guide, we’ll explore the role of an Electrician, their responsibilities, how to become one, potential salaries, career prospects, and related opportunities.

What Does an Electrician Do?

Electricians play a crucial role in ensuring the safe and efficient operation of electrical systems and equipment. Their tasks include:

Electrical Installation

  • Installing wiring systems and electrical components in buildings, machinery, and equipment.

Inspection and Testing

  • Inspecting electrical systems to identify faults, issues, or potential hazards and conducting tests to ensure compliance with safety standards.

Wiring Diagrams

  • Reading and interpreting wiring diagrams and plans to execute installations accurately.


  • Identifying and resolving electrical problems and issues, including malfunctions and power failures.

Customer Communication:

  • Communicating with customers to explain electrical problems, solutions, and maintenance procedures.

How to Become an Electrician

Becoming an Electrician requires a combination of education, training, and practical experience. Here’s a breakdown of the steps to pursue this career:

Entry Requirements:

  • To become an Electrician, you typically need an Industry-recognized Level 3 NVQ (National Vocational Qualification) qualification and a technical certificate. Examples of Level 3 qualifications include City & Guilds/EAL-approved Level 3 NVQ or Diploma in Electrotechnical Services and Systems (2356), Installing Electrotechnical Systems & Equipment (Buildings, Structures and the Environment) (2357), or Electrical Installations (Buildings and Structures) (2365).
  • Entry into the field often begins with an electrotechnical Advanced Apprenticeship. Eligibility for the apprenticeship usually requires at least 3 GCSE/National 5 passes, including English, Maths, and a science subject. Candidates must be 16 or older.
  • Completing the City & Guilds Certificate in the Requirements for Electrical Installations (2382) helps ensure that electricians stay updated with the latest safety regulations.
  • Those with experience in electronics may qualify for training courses, with colleges and private organizations offering relevant programs.

Training Opportunities

  • Electrotechnical Advanced Apprenticeship: This apprenticeship combines workplace training, where you work toward a Level 3 NVQ Diploma, with one day of technical certificate studies at a college.
  • Other Qualifications: Some full-time courses provide theoretical knowledge but may lack practical experience. When choosing an apprenticeship or qualification, it’s crucial to select one that combines theoretical and hands-on learning.
  • Colour Vision and Selection Test: Entry to the profession may require passing a colour vision and selection test to ensure the ability to distinguish between different wire colours.

Electrician Salary

Salaries for Electricians can vary based on factors such as experience, location, and specialization. Here’s an overview of potential earnings:

  • Newly qualified Electricians can expect salaries between £18,000 and £23,000 annually.
  • As Electricians gain experience and specialize in specific areas, they can potentially earn between £23,000 and £42,000 per year.
  • Overtime and bonuses may also contribute to an Electrician’s overall income.

Career Prospects and Progression

Electricians enjoy good employment prospects, given the consistent demand for their services. Here are some career prospects and opportunities for progression in this field:

Varied Work Environments:

  • Electricians can find work in various settings, including housing associations, general building companies, and public services such as local authorities and health trusts.

Formal Progression Structures:

  • Large employers often offer formal progression structures. As Electricians gain more experience, they can access supervisory and managerial roles, and even consider consultancy work or training positions.


  • Many Electricians opt for self-employment, allowing them greater control over their work-life balance and career direction.


  • Electricians can specialize in specific areas such as security circuits, computer networks, traffic lights, or street lighting, providing opportunities for expertise development.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Working as an Electrician comes with both advantages and disadvantages:


  • Electricians provide an essential service, and solving electrical problems for people can be highly rewarding.
  • Self-employment offers increased control over work schedules and career choices.


  • The job may require long hours, physically demanding tasks, and sometimes challenging working conditions.

Working Conditions

Electricians work in various environments, from residential properties to commercial buildings and construction sites. They may work a standard 37-40 hour week, including evenings and weekends to accommodate customer needs. The work can be physically demanding, requiring bending, stretching, kneeling, and lifting. Electricians must adhere to strict health and safety regulations to mitigate the dangers associated with electrical work.

Related Opportunities

If you’re interested in careers related to construction, craftsmanship, and technical skills, consider exploring these related opportunities:

  • Bricklayer – Specializes in constructing walls and structures using bricks and mortar.
  • Carpenter/Joiner – Focuses on crafting wooden structures, furniture, and fittings.
  • Plumber – Specializes in installing and maintaining plumbing systems in buildings.

Further Information

For additional information on pursuing a career as an Electrician, you can refer to the following resources:

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